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In comments pdf to the Department of Homeland Security, EPIC urged the agency to either continue to suspend or significantly revise its system of records notice for the Secure Flight program. EPIC explained that the watch lists that Secure Flight used to screen passengers were so error-filled that the Department of Justice Inspector General indicated pdf "a deficiency in the integrity of watchlist information. DHS suspended Secure Flight in for a "comprehensive review.
Implementation of Secure Flight , a federal passenger screening program, will be delayed until , at least five years behind schedule, according to the Transportation Security Administration. Secure Flight was suspended a year ago after two government reports detailed security and privacy problems.
One report pdf found security vulnerabilities. In comments pdf to the Department of Homeland Security , EPIC urged the agency to fully apply Privacy Act requirements of notice, access, and correction to the new traveler redress program and the underlying watch list system. Instead of following the Privacy Act, the agency is asking the public to rely on its "internal quality assurance procedures. Tens of thousands of people have applied for redress after being mistakenly matched as federal officials have struggled to trim the bloated watch lists.
Technological Considerations What pattern is the computer algorithm searching for, i. How will the system deal with the problem of false postives and false negatives? What is the data quality of the underlying databases? How accurate is the data and how will errors in those databases be corrected?
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What security mechanisms will be in place to protect the data from unauthorized access? How can the system's effectiveness be assessed? How will the passenger profiling system comply with the Privacy Act of ? If commercial databases are used, does the collection and handling of the information follow the Privacy Act and Fair Information Practices? How long will data be retained about passengers? What other government agencies or private entities will have access to the data or score?
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How can an individual contest a risk score? What rights will individuals have to access records on them and correct errors? What type of due process rights will be incorporated into the system? Is the system good at catching terrorists or is it more effective at other applications such as an all-purpose law enforcement stop? What will prevent mission creep? EPIC's Profiling page. US to tackle flaws in airline watch list , Financial Times, April 14, Please step to the side, sir , Salon, April 9, Homeland privacy officer to review passenger-screening system , Government Executive, April 8, Safe Skies.
Washington Post Editorial, March 31, Who's Watching the Watch Lists? Government hears critics of passenger screening , Oakland Tribune, March 22, Will Airport Security Plan Fly? Senate panel votes for Hill oversight of passenger-screening system , Government Executive, March 13, A Safer Sky or Welcome to Flight ? Airport background checks get flight test , Atlanta Journal, March 3, Transportation Security Administration home page. Remarks by Admiral James Loy , U. Conference of Mayors on Aviation Security, January 22, Practical Nomad's Travel Privacy page.
Commission on Civil Rights, May see chapters 4 , 6 , and the appendix on passenger profiling. More than 30, travelers have been mistakenly linked to names on terror watch lists when they crossed the border, boarded commercial airliners or were stopped for traffic violations, according to a report pdf by the Government Accountability Office.
EPIC has repeatedly pdf warned that the false positive problem -- when a person who is not a suspect is mistakenly matched to a watch list -- is difficult to fix. The watch lists include , names of terrorism suspects or people suspected to aid them, more than quadruple the 75, names on the lists when they were created in The Transportation Security Administration says security concerns have delayed the controversial air passenger prescreening program Registered Traveler , which was to be rolled out beginning Tuesday. EPIC has testified previously pdf and submitted comments pdf about the flawed program, warning that problems with watch list errors have not been resolved, that there are no legal safeguards to prevent misuse, and that "mission creep" is almost certain.
In comments pdf to Customs and Border Protection, EPIC opposed the agency's plan to exempt a vast database from legal requirements that protect privacy and promote government accountability. The Global Enrollment System would include employment history and biometric data. Among many possible activities, the agency will use this system to determine which travelers are "low risk" and eligible for the "Trusted Traveler" program.
EPIC warned that the absence of effective redress procedures would leave many travelers improperly designated as "high-risk. Aukai that travelers who begin the security screening process at airports cannot change their minds. The court said passengers who walk through airport metal detectors implicitly consent to a search, and they can't revoke that consent even if they are chosen to undergo a more extensive "secondary screening" process.
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The court did not rule on whether a passenger could refuse searches that are more invasive than simple pat-downs. Gonzales , a case that challenged an unpublished federal rule requiring passengers to show ID before boarding commercial airplanes. EPIC filed a "friend of the court" brief pdf in the case, stating that secret law violates constitutional due process rights. About 30, air passengers have reported being wrongly matched to federal watch lists. These frustrating problems flow from the failure to fully apply privacy protections to watchlist databases, especially the right of individuals to access and correct their records, EPIC said in comments pdf to the Transportation Security Administration.
EPIC urged the suspension of the Registered Traveler program, one version of which is administered by a private contractor not subject to any Privacy Act obligations, until security and privacy problems can be resolved. Gonzales , a case challenging an unpublished federal rule that passengers show ID before boarding commercial airplanes. EPIC filed a "friend of the court" brief pdf stating that secret law violates constitutional due process rights.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has proposed a rule that would greatly expand the powers of the federal government to track travelers. Airline and shipping industries would be required to gather passenger contact and health information, maintain it electronically for at least 60 days, and release it to the CDC within 12 hours of a request.
The agency had asked that its arguments be kept secret from Gilmore and the public, stating in court papers that disclosure "would be detrimental to the security of transportation. The Transportation Security Administration has announced it will begin testing Secure Flight, a new passenger prescreening system, in November. The program, which is intended to replace the now-defunct CAPPS II, will compare passenger records to expanded "selectee" and "no fly" lists already in use.
EPIC has filed a "friend of the court" brief pdf in Gilmore v. Airline Industry Problems. Airline Deregulation.
Is this the way to make airports safe?
Safety in the Air. Troubled Air Transport Industry. Air Safety. Air-Fare Control.
Jumbo Jets: New Travel Era. Airport Modernization. Supersonic Transport Race. Troubles of the Airlines. Prevention of Air Accidents.
Jet Age Problems. Safer Flying. Nonetheless, Southwest's pilots, spurred by the airline's financial success at a time other carriers were struggling, had planned to reopen negotiations last fall, but put them off after the attacks on Sept. The disagreement over pay remains unresolved.
Pay parity was the crucial platform plank for the current group of union leaders, who were elected in on a pledge to win significant raises. With elections again scheduled in September, the pilots' union sought to resume contract talks this spring, only in a much different competitive atmosphere. Though Southwest was profitable in and is likely to remain profitable, Mr.
Cordle estimates that Southwest's revenue will decline 12 percent. Over the last 20 years, revenue has increased on average by 14 percent annually. In his latest offer to the union, Mr. Parker proposed an extension of the current contract by two years, through , and raises totaling 35 percent over the next four years. But that deal did not bring the union close to levels at other airlines. After a hour meeting last month, the union's board deadlocked on recommending the offer to the pilots. The union leaders said they nonetheless sent the offer to the members for a vote because they thought that the pilots should have a chance to express their opinions directly.
Weaks said he favored a complete overhaul of the contract. Analysts say Mr. Parker can afford to pay Southwest's pilots the same rates as at other airlines, given the carrier's financial strength and labor productivity. Southwest pilots, for example, fly an average of 80 to 90 hours a month, compared with about 50 hours a month at other major airlines.